Forest and Beekeeping Policies
The first Forest policy was established in 1953 with the following responsibilities of the forestry administration:
- Demarcation and reservation of sufficient forested land or land capable of afforestation for environmental conservation and production of forest goods and services;
- Management of forest reserves and forest resources on public lands so as to obtain the best financial returns on capital value and the cost of management in so far as such returns are consistent with the primary aims (i) above;
- Encouraging and assisting the practice of forestry by Local Government bodies, private sector and individuals; and
- Undertaking and promoting research, education and extension services in forestry.
The 1953 Forest Policy was reviewed and replaced by a revised 1998 National Forest Policy which emphasized more on the involvement of stakeholders in its implementation.
Similarly, the Beekeeping sector was operating from 1949 to February 1998 without a Policy. In March 1998, the Government approved the National Beekeeping Policy with the following objectives:
- Ensured sustainable existence of honeybees by maintaining and effectively managing adequate area of bee reserves.
- Improved quality and quantity of honey, beeswax and other bee products and ensured sustainable supply of the same;
- Enhanced beekeeping - based national development and poverty alleviation through sustainable supply of bee products (honey, beeswax, royal jelly, propolis, brood, pollen) and services;
- Improved biodiversity, increased employment and foreign exchange earnings through sustainable bee products-based industrial development and trade;
- Ensured ecosystem stability by practicing Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and carrying out Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for investments inside or around Bee Reserves and Apiaries; and
- Enhanced national capacity to manage and develop the beekeeping sector in collaboration with other Stakeholders.
The Tanzania Forest Service (TFS) is an Executive Agency established under the Executive Agencies Act (Cap. 245 Revised Edition 2009) with the mandate of management of national forest and bee resources in a sustainable manner by ensuring sustainable supply of various forest and bee products and services, stable ecosystem and maintaining biological diversity.
The forestry and beekeeping sector is guided by the National Forest and Beekeeping Policies adopted in March 1998, the National Forest and Beekeeping Programme (NFBKP) which is a ten-year framework (2001-2010) which guides implementation of the Forest and Beekeeping Policies and the Forest Act (No. 14 of 2002) and Beekeeping Act (No. 15 of 2002) that provide legal framework for the management of forests and bee resources.
Roles and Functions
The roles and responsibilities of FBD in the National Forest and Beekeeping Policies before formation of TFS were:
- Policy and Legislation development and enforcement;
- Monitoring and evaluation of Policy implementation;
- Human resources development;
- Management of Forestry and Beekeeping training institutions;
- Management of forest reserves including forest plantations, bee reserves and apiaries;
- Rehabilitation of degraded areas;
- Provision of forest and beekeeping extension services; and
- Management of forest and bee resources in general lands.
- Identification of research areas, prioritization and coordination of research undertaken by various institutions and organizations
As part of the on going Public Sector Service Reform Programme(PSRP), the Forestry and Beekeeping Division has handed over its operational roles and functions to an Executive Agency called Tanzania Forest Service (TFS) under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT) and its role and responsibilities are;
- Establishing and managing national natural forest and bee reserves;
- Establishing and managing national forest plantations and apiaries;
- Managing forest and bee resources in general land;
- Enforcing Forest and Beekeeping legislation in areas of TFS jurisdiction;
- Providing forest and beekeeping extension services in areas of TFS jurisdiction;
- Developing TFS Human resources;
- Collecting Forestry and Beekeeping revenue;
- Safeguarding TFS Assets; and
- Marketing of forest and bee products and services.
After formation of TFS, the functions of FBD will be:
- Development of Policy and Legislation,
- Monitoring and Evaluation of policy implementation;
- Supervision of law enforcement in the sector;
- Coordination of training of forestry and beekeeping professionals;
- Management of forestry and beekeeping training institutions;
- Identification of research areas, prioritization and coordination of research undertaken by various institutions and organizations in Forestry and Beekeeping Sector; and
- Coordination of tree planting and forest and beekeeping extension services;